Glossary of distilling related terms (special thanks to the foam rangers!)

What are foreshots?

Foreshots is the term applied to the first fraction of the distillate received during the distillation of the low wines in the Spirit Still used in the Pot Still process of manufacture. They form the first raw runnings of this second distillation and their collection is terminated by the judgment of the stillman. The following fraction of the distillate is the potable spirit. The foreshots are returned to the still, together with the feints.

What are feints?

Feints is the name given to the third fraction of the distillate received from the second distillation in the Pot Still process. They form the undesirable last runnings of the distillation. As noted above, they are returned with the foreshots to the Spirit Still when it is recharged with low wines. The term is also applied to the first and last runnings from the Patent Still, in which process they are returned to the wash for re-distillation.

The feints and foreshots from the last distillation of the season are kept for adding to the first low wines of the succeeding season.

ABV: alcohol by volume
Wash: fermentable solution, which forms the base of alcohol production

One U.S. gallon equals 128 fluid ounces, or 3.7853 liters, or 0.833 Imperial gallons, while one Imperial gallon equals 160 fluid ounces, or 4.5459 liters, or 1.2 U.S. gallons