WhiskeyIrish & American
|The distinction between Irish and American whiskeys
Irish whiskey differs from Scotch Whisky in that it is usually distilled 3 times. The malting process is also different as the Irish use sprouted barley dried in a closed kiln which is then mixed with unmalted barley before being ground into a grist. This can be said to account for the lightness of Irish whiskey and its 'non peaty' taste compared to Scotch.
North American whiskies are all-grain spirits that have been produced from a mash that usually mixes together corn, rye, wheat, barley and other grains in different proportions, the resulting distillate then generally aged in wooden barrels. These barrels may be new or used, and charred or uncharred on the inside, depending on the type of whiskey being made. The U.S. government requires that all whiskies have to be made from a grain mash and be distilled at 90%ABV or less. The whisky has to be reduced to no more than 62.5%ABV before being aged in new oak barrels (American white oak) and then be bottled at no more than 40%ABV.
Pure Rye Whiskey
Grainbill: either only Rye (malted), or 9 parts Rye (not malted) and 1 part malted Barley.
Grainbill: 10 parts malted Barley, 7 parts fresh barley grain, 1 part fresh Oats, 1 part fresh Rye, 1 part fresh Wheat.